Ziyādah of a thiqah narrator

  1. The ziyādah of a thiqah narrator is accepted when he is from those who are relied upon in terms of their memorisation, according to Imām Tirmidhī  and Ibn Ḥibbān. This is also the apparent view of Imām Muslim and al-Ḥākim, as has been stated by al-Zarkashī. 
  2. As for other muḥaddithīn they do not apply a generic principle with regards to the ziyādah of narrators, rather they make judgements on a case by case basis based on other factors,[1] as has been stated by Ibn Daqīq al-`Īd, al-Alāī, al-Zīyla’ī and al-Hāfidh.
  3. Ibn Ḥibbān has chosen another view with more detail in the introduction of his Ṣaḥīḥ; the ziyādah of words is accepted from a faqīh narrator, and a ziyādah in the sanad is accepted from a muḥaddith. 
  4. According to the Aḥnāf,[2] the ziyādah of a thiqah narrator is accepted unless it is from one majlis,[3] such that the narrating ṣaḥābah is one, and thereafter the rāwī narrating less narrates differently to the extent that it is not possible for there to be the same level of heedlessness by others.[4] As for the case where it does not reach this extent, and the majlis is one, the ziyādah is accepted and the narration without the ziyādah is rejected. 

If the majlis is different, such that it is two different aḥādīth being narrated by two different ṣaḥābah, both narrations are accepted, thus the muṭlaq[5] will remain muṭlaq and the muqayyad[6] will remain muqayyad. 

[1] Such as number of naators, quality of narrators, opinion of Bukhāri and Muslim etc. 

[2] To summarise there are two opinions for the Aḥnāf, those for the mutaqaddimīn and the muta’akhirīn. As for the mutaqaddimīn Aḥnāf such as Karkhī, Jaṣṣāṣ, Sarakhsī and Bazdawī they hold that ziyādah is accepted. As for the muta’akhirīn Aḥnāf, they hold the ziyādah is accepted from a thiqah narrator, unless there is a difference between students of one teacher.  

[3] One occurrence

[4] For example if five thiqah narrators do not do ziyādah of “من المسلمين” and seven do ziyādah, we might say that it is not possible for five thiqah narrators to miss the extra wording as per habit, thus we know it is a ziyādah.  

[5] Unrestricted; unqualified. 

[6] Literally; limited, restricted.

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