Inkār al-aṣl riwāyāt al-far’ 

As for the aṣl[1] (teacher) negating the narration of the far’[2] (student) then:

  1. There is no harm according to Imām Shāfi’ī. This is also the preferred opinion of al-Sam’ānī, Ibn al-Qaṭṭān, Ibn al-Subkī and al-Maḥallī.
  2. Some of the Aḥnāf hold that this cannot be taken absolutely.[3]
  3. Al-Qāḍī Abū Bakr al-Bāqilānī has differentiated between those narrations where there is certainty the student is correct and others.[4]
  4. Imām al-Ḥaramayn holds that these are two contradicting narrations; none is given preference over the other unless there is a factor which allows us to do so.
  5. The view of Imām Bukhāri and Imām Muslim is that they are generally accepted, or preference is given to one. 

[1] Literally; source.

[2] Literally; branch, section, subdivision.       

[3] With no exceptions

[4] This is also the opinion of the muta’akhirīn Shawāfi’

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