٩- قاعدة قِيْلَ و بِيْعَ

(1)

If:

  • There is a waw in the ayn kalima of a madi majhool 

Then

  • Move harakat of the waw to the letter before it
  • Change waw into a yaa sakin

Example:

قُوِلَ——>قِيْلَ
أُنْقُوِدَ——>أُنْقِيْدَ

If:

  • There is a yaa in ayn kalima of a madi majhool 

Then

  • Move harakat of the yaa to the letter before it
  • Give yaa a sakin

Example:

بُيِعَ——>بِيْعَ
أُخْتُيِرَ——>أُخْتِيْرَ

(2) 

Alternatively, in the above cases it is permissible to keep harakah of the letter before. 

Therefore, if:

  • There is a waw in the ayn kalima of a madi majhool 

Then

  • Give waw a sakin

Example:

قُوِلَ——>قُوْلَ
أُنْقُوِدَ——>أُنْقُوْدَ

And if:

  • There is a yaa in ayn kalima of a madi majhool 

Then

  • Change yaa to a waw sakin

Example:

بُيِعَ——>بُوْعَ
أُخْتُيِرَ——>أُخْتُوْرَ

(3) 

If the letter preceding the yaa sakin has a kasra, as in part (1), then one can pronounce the letter with ishmaam[1]

Example:

In the words قِيْلَ and بِيْعَ the kasra of the ق and ب will be pronounced inclining towards a damma sound. 


[1] This cannot be seen in writing but rather only in pronunciation

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